Use this calculator to estimate the cooling needs of a typical room or house, such as finding out the power of a window air conditioner needed for an apartment room or the central air conditioner for an entire house. Calculations for chiller tonnage in the plastics industry are based on a coolant temperature of 50°F (LWT), with sufficient capacity to handle a 10°F-temperature rise in coolant from the process load. Metric units: The water flow rate of chilled water into the evaporator is 0.0995m3/s, the inlet temperature is 12*c and the outlet temperature is 6*c. Flow : 100LPM = 6000 LPH Outlet Temp from Chiller: 9O Centigrade Inlet Temp to chiller: 30O Centigrade Total Kcal = Flow x specific heat x Weight x diff in temp, = 6000 1 1 21 ÷ 12,000 Oversize the chiller by 20% Ideal Size in Tons = Tons â¦ HVAC â Practical Calculations: HVAC (pronounced either "H-V-A-C" or, occasionally, "H-vak") is an acronym for âHeating, Ventilation and Air Conditioningâ. â Specific Heat X Specific Density X 60 min./hr. Let look at how to calculate the cooling capacity. Weâll first look at how to calculate in metric units and then imperial. = Specific Density X 60 min./hr. and cooling loads of the house. BTU Calculator AC BTU Calculator. A/C tons will be picked up on an assoc. =X CFM X âT.24 X.075 X 60 X CFM X âT = 1.08 X CFM X âT BTU/hr. X CFM X â H = 0.75 x 60 x CFM x â H = 4.5 x CFM x â H RELATIVE HUMIDITY= __Moisture present___ Moisture air can hold SPECIFIC HUMIDITY = grains of â¦ Convert tons to BTUs per hour by multiplying it by 12,000. R-4, 5,6,or7. size. Given an air conditioner with 2 tons of cooling power, for instance, multiply two by 12,000 to get 24,000 BTUs / hour. Cooling capacity of a chiller, what we need to know. 12,000 = 19.992 Tons, Oversize the chiller = 19.992 x 1.2 = 23.9904. Calculation of log mean enthalpy difference for the design condition & site test condition From the calculation, the log mean enthalpy difference for the test is found to be approximately 83% (16.6 kJ/kg / 20.0 kJ/kg). OPTION 2: Enter tonnage of the unit into the program. Problem: Products and Process cooling Facts: Resolutio Many industrial processes requires cooling. 9.5.3 Performance calculations The energy efficiency of a chiller is commonly expressed in one of the three following ratios: 9. Tonnage: In reference to air conditioning, a ton measures how much heat removed by the system would be needed to melt 2,000 pounds, or one ton, of ice in a 24-hour period. Substituting, h = 500 X 40 gpm X 24 deg-F = 480,000 Btu/hr. Take for example a chiller which is producing 2,500kW of cooling or 8,533,364BTU/h in metric units. AirâConditioning Formulas 1 Btu = amount of heat required to raise (or lower temperature of one pound of water 1oF 1 ton refrigeration = 12,000 Btu/h = 200 Btu/min 1 watt = 3.412 Btu/h 1 horsepower = 2545 Btu/h 1 lb = 7000 grains 1 ft (head) = 0.433 psi 1 square foot This HVAC calculator is the closest estimate to the actual Manual J calculation done by HVAC pros. This means that for every 1kW of electricity you put into the machine, you will produce 5.4kW of cooling. The system is pre-set to a 72-degree indoor temperature and a 95 EER = ( ) ( ) PowerInput kW NetCapacit y Btuh (see supplemental equations EQ 3-6) EQ-1 Solution ID: case4397 Last 07/12/2006 Modified: Question or Calculate chiller capacity (tons) for process cooling load Problem: Question or How do I calculate chiller capacity for a process cooling load? Equipmentâ enter the total kW for cooling from the Equipment Costs Page as the kW for the Server/Computer Equipment, and set the load time for 75% and the runtime at 100%. The first day the HVAC System is turned on? ÷ 12,000 Oversize the chiller by 20% Ideal Size in Tons = Tons x 1.2 Here, you will find our HVAC formulas. BTU/hr. Right-sizing the HVAC system begins with an accurate understanding of the heating and cooling loads on a space; however, a full HVAC design involves more than just the load estimate calculationâthe load calculation is the first step of the iterative HVAC design procedure. So, if the LWT you need is above or below 50°F, youâll need to correct your chiller tonnage calculation accordingly. Download Now. 2. Both tons are actually defined in the same way. Tonnage here represents the load of the The HVAC systems analyzed in this calculator include Jump to Page . AC Unit Size Calculator accurately estimates the size of the central air conditioner unit you should install in your house. zËl}2Ïlr Emúë ø0æòç÷?^ßO¿lúTñLgExÿçÑ[BÉùàfL5Ò"W¢Øld«Vïâi#¦þd¬ñ+³ãþÎÉäÑ'.-lÐI+ ãD²+ûÓQÕýlYí´B_Å!¡ò{ ^»WqS9Y. The electrical power demand of the chiller to produce this is 460kW. The day the building load calculation was begun? This HVAC Load Calculator quickly estimates the size of your heating and cooling system in BTU's. TOTAL HEAT FORMULA (for cooling, humidifying or dehumidifying) BTU/hr. HVAC is referred to climate control as a process of treating air to control its temperature, humidity, cleanliness and distribution to meet the requirements of the conditioned space. If we convert the cooling capacity to watts (1 ton = 12000 BTU = 3517 watts) and then divide it by the power consumed to achieve this we get the EER, the higher the better (this shouldnât ever be below 2.3 and should be around 3.5 for a 5-star rating). The metric calculation would be: 2,500kW / 460kW = 5.4 so the COP is 5.4. A water-chiller refrigeration ton is defined as: 1 Refrigeration Ton (RT) = 1 TONScond = 12000 Btu /h = 200 Btu /min = 3025.9 k Calories /h = 12661 kJ/h = 3.517 kW 1 kW = 0.2843 Refrigeration Ton (RT) A ton is the amount of heat removed by an air conditioning system that â¦ On larger screens you can either scroll down to view each individually or download the PDF. Calculate chiller capacity (tons) for process cooling load. Selection Tips For Air-Conditioning Cooling Systems.pdf. HVAC systems for all sorts of buildings, you should be able to The calculator uses the building square footage, building usage type and building shape to automatically determine the maximum and minimum overall tonnage and electrical usage of the equipment for multiple HVAC systems. Calculate Temperature Differential (ÎT°F) ÎT°F = Incoming Water Temperature (°F) â Required Chill Water Temperature Calculate BTU/hr. According to the standard calculation, it takes 288,000 Btu to melt a ton of ice in 24 hours, or 12,000 Btu per hour. Get the cost of 1 ton, 2 ton, 4 ton and 5 ton ac unit. = Gallons per hr x 8.33 x ÎT°F Calculate tons of cooling capacity Tons = BTU/hr. Related Topics . 1 ton is equal to 20 hundredweight. An easy-to-use HVAC tool for calculating necessary thermal output capacity (in BTUs) This tool is based on the square foot method, with computations added for the most important values included, such as insulation, windows, and other contributing factors. The formula for total heat removed in a chiller installation is h = 500 X q X dt where h = total heat removed in Btu/hr, q is the chilled water flow rate in gpm, and dt is the chilled water's total temperature differential. Search inside document . Our free, easy-to-use HVAC load calculator will help you determine the necessary thermal output capacity (in BTUs) of any residential building. Cooling may be required for facility heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems or for process cooling loads (e.g., data centers, manufacturing process cooling). highly variable . Machine Tools = .2 ton / HP; Water-Cooled Chiller = Each ton of chiller requires 1 ton of cooling tower; Mold Temperature Controllers = 1.2 ton per zone + .2 ton/horsepower (heating) Mold Temperature Controllers = use PPH chart + .2 ton/horsepower (cooling) Spot Welders = 1/4 ton â¦ Calculate the chiller capacity in tons of refrigeration. of the HVAC system â First piece of information needed â 12,000 Btu/h = 1 Ton Cooling â¢ Can be. â¢ The measure of energy the HVAC system needs to add or remove from a space to provide the desired level of comfort â Btu/h â¢ Not the . Instructions 1. Multiply BTUs / hour by .293 to convert it to watts. The result is then expressed in Btu per hour. 1 degree) SENSIBLE HEAT FORMULA (Furnaces): BTU/hr. AC calculator uses your house size (square feet), climate zone, efficiency and equipment type (standard central air vs central heat pump) to show you exactly what size central air unit you need. EER is calculated at a single very specific operating point and is typically only applied for commercial equipment > 6 nominal tons. The heat load estimate is based on your climate region, total square footage, number of rooms or zones you want, ceiling height, insulation type, number of windows and doors. Chillers provide mechanical cooling for commercial, institutional, multiunit residential, and industrial facilities. You are on page 1 of 59. What Is the Load? Calculate BTU/hr. 6.28 Cooling Load Calculation Procedure 64 6.29 Cooling Load Peak Time Estimate 66 PART 7. EXAMPLE: WHAT IS THE TONNAGE OF A CHILLING PLANT IF THE FLOW RATE IS 6 M3/HR & THE INLET TEMPERATURE OF CHILLED WATER IS 30OC AND THE OUTLET TEMPERATURE IS 9OC. HEATING LOAD RULES OF THUMB 67 7.01 All Buildings and Spaces 68 7.02 Buildings w/100% OA Systems 68 7.03 Buildings w/Ample Insulation, Few Windows â¦ It is just the definition of the hundredweight that differs between countries. b. The British ton is the long ton, which is 2240 pounds, and the U.S. ton is the short ton which is 2000 pounds. One Ton of Refrigeration was defined as the energy removal rate that will freeze 1 ton of water at 0 °C (32 °F) in one day, or, the amount of heat required to melt 1 ton of ice in 24 hours . The unit's value is approximately 11,958 Btu/h (~3.504 kW/h) , redefined to be exactly: watts, then use the formula amps = watts / volts to solve for amps. STANDARD AIR =.24 Specific Heat (BTUâs needed to raise 1 lb. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Punch Force (KN) = 80 x 3 x 0.3447 = 82.728 KN Convert into tonnage: 82.728 KN ÷ 9.81 = 8.43 Ton For more details about the shearing strength including how to calculate â¦ On smaller screens such as phones you must download the PDF to view the formulas. Air Conditioning - Air Conditioning systems - heating, cooling and dehumidification of indoor air for thermal comfort; Related Documents . = Gallons per hr x 8.33 x ?T°F Calculate tons of cooling capacity Tons = BTU/hr. Because the cooling tower is tested in part load, the log mean enthalpy difference is smaller than the design value (20.06 kJ/kg). EER is defined as the net cooling capacity (in Btuh) divided by the total electrical power input (in watts), as shown in EQ â 1. Energy Performance Assessment of HVAC Systems Bureau of Energy Efficiency 117 First calculate the kW/ton rating from the measured parameters. , cooling and dehumidification of indoor air for thermal comfort ; Related Documents need to correct chiller! 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